Кыргызская Республика (Russian), Кыргыз Республикасынын (Kirghiz), Kyrgyz Republic (English)
Оfficial languages: Kirghiz (state), Russian (official).
Geography: Located in the east of Central Asia, saddling the Western and Central ridges of the Tienshan mountains and northern reaches of the Pamir. Borders Kazakhstan to the north, Uzbekistan to the east, Tajikistan to the south-west and China to the east.
Area: 199 900 sq km
Territorial division: Three-tier territorial division. First tier – seven oblasts and 2 cities administered by the central government. Second ties – 35 rayons and 13 townchips.
Population: 5.5 mio (2012)
Area code: +996
Currency: som (KGS), one som = 100 tayin.
Established in 1990 at the terminal session of the republican Supreme Soviet transforming itself into the first session of Jogorku Kenesh. In 1995 – 2005 the parliament was bicameral. Since 2005 it is unicameral.
Mandate: members are elected for a term of five years in constituencies on a proportional basis. Eligibility age is 21 years.