Islamic Republic of Afghanistan
Official language: Pushtu, Dari
Geography: a land-locked Central Asian state saddling the ridges of Hindukush and the eastern parts of the Iranian highland, as well as lower lying areas in the arid zones to the north and south. Bordering states are Tajikistan, Uzbekistan, Turkmenistan to the north, Iran to the west, Pakistan to the south west and south, China and India to the east.
Area: 647 000 sq km
Territorial division: 34 wilayat
Population: 28 mio. (2009)
Area code: +93
Currency: afghani (AFN), one afghani = 100 poul
Wolesi Jirga of the National Assembly of the Islamic Republic of Afghanistan
The lower chamber was established in 2004 after the adoption of the constitution promulgation major national institutions.
Mandate: MPs are elected for a term of five years through general elections and secret ballot. The Constitution reserves 64 mandates for women.