Украина (Russian), Україна (Ukrainian), Ukraine (English)
Officail language: Ukrainian
Geography: A country in Eastern Europe. It is bordered by Russia to the north-east; Belarus to the north; Poland, Slovakia and Hungary to the west; and Romania, Moldova, and the Black Sea to the south.
Area: 603 700 sq km
Population: 45,5 (2012)
Area code: +380
Currency: Ukrainian hryvnia (UAH), one hryvnia = 100 kopeyka.
Originally called the Supreme Soviet and established in 1938. On 16 July 1990, it adopted a Declaration of National Sovreignity and on 24 August 1991 to be followed by the Act of Independence.
Mandate: MPs are elected for five-year terms on a majoritarian principle through general, equal, free, direct elections with personal and secret ballot. Eligibility age is 21 years and last five-year residence requirement. Half of the house is elected under a proportionality principle (225) on party lists. The other half is elected under a majoritarian principle